Always Accurate, Affordable, and Fast!
PharmLabs™ LLC provides the cannabis community and beyond with laboratory testing and analytic services to ensure consumers have access to safe medicine.
Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs™ LLC will ensure safe medicine for the cannabis community by testing for contaminants that may results from the growth, extraction and packaging processes.
Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs™ LLC will arm consumers in the cannabis community with the proper information to make an informed decision on proper dosing and type of medicines they require to best combat their specific medical condition, or desired euphoric effect.
PharmLabs™ LLC offers potency, terpene, residual solvent, homogeneity, mycotoxin, heavy metal, microbiological and pesticide testing for the cannabis community and beyond!
California Compliance Testing Requirements (For Pricing Click Here)
Review our guide to California’s compliance testing requirements with our easy to follow chart!
Potency Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our potency/cannabinoid test offers a quantitative analysis of several common psychoactive compounds found in cannabis and cannabis derived products. Our potency/cannabinoid test establishes the amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA), Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabidiol Acid (CBDA), Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN), contained in a submitted sample of cannabis or cannabis product.
Our Potency/Cannabinoid test separates the acidic compounds from the neutral compounds and defines the decarboxylation ratio of a sample which is extremely helpful in formulations of a product and the dosing of a consumer. We recommend using our Potency/Cannabinoid Testing for any edibles, tincture or topicals that will not be combusted during consumption. We use an established scientific method utilizing an Agilent High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with a Diode Array Detector (DAD) for the separation and quantification of THC, THCA, CBD, CBDA, CBG, and CBN.All results are submitted as a percentage of the dry weight of the entire sample.
With the use of Potency Testing we have the ability to help our clients with two of our most popular and important special services:
1. Early Leaf Cannabinoid Ratio Detection Testing
Do not waste your time and money transitioning into flower and not knowing! If you goal is to grow CBD rich medicines or achieve a specific THC:CBD ratio then we can help! We can detect CBD rich medicines from a leaf of a young plant and save you months of your precious time and tons of your hard earned money from a simple test.Click Here For More Information
2. Harvest Optimization Testing
When is the exact best time to harvest your cannabis crop to get the maximum potency out of your flower? We can help! Do not spend all your hard earned time and money and not get the maximum reward from your crop!
With harvest optimization testing we recommend our clients to test a sample from their crop:
1) A week before their normal harvest time
2) At their normal harvest time
3) A week after their normal harvest time
Homogeneity Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Homogeneity testing is required for only Edibles, Tinctures and Suppositories. It requires 10 tests for total THC or CBD of 10 separately packaged products. Although hundreds of different cannabinoids have been identified in cannabis, our Homogeneity Test establishes the amount of Total Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Total Cannabidiol (CBD) contained in a submitted sample of cannabis or cannabis product.
Our laboratory shall perform a homogeneity test for THC or CBD, whichever is purported by the manufacturer to be the largest ingredient content, for each batch of edible medical cannabis product. If the amounts of THC and CBD are very similar (near 1:1), the laboratory shall test for homogeneity of THC.
We use an established scientific method utilizing an Agilent Gas Chromatography with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the quantification of THC, THCA, CBD, CBDA, CBG, and CBN.All results are submitted as a percentage of the dry weight of the entire sample.
The batch is homogeneous and “passes” homogeneity testing if the relative standard deviation, with no outliers, as assessed using the Grubb’s outlier test with a significance level of 0.05, is less than 15% on average. If the relative standard deviation is greater than 15%, the batch “fails” the homogeneity test. According to CA law If a homogeneity test is not performed or if a batch fails homogeneity testing, the batch fails and shall be destroyed. If the product batch passes homogeneity testing, the laboratory shall perform all other analyses required under the law.
Results in 48-72hrs! The same conditions that are ideal for the cultivation of cannabis are also ideal for the germination of hundreds of bacteria and fungi which are found in the water, soil and air. We must remember that yeast and molds can grow in decaying vegetation and the residual moisture will also encourage bacterial growth. Also under ideal conditions, some fungi can produce toxic metabolites known as mycotoxins (ex. Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin) which can infect immunocompromised humans and cause allergic, aflatoxin and pathogenic infections such as the disease Aspergillosis. Because of this, microbiological hazards in cannabis absolutely need to be addressed. If your cannabis and all infused products are not properly tested, the medicine you are consuming can be contaminated with a variety of harmful pathogens.
Results in 48-72 hours! The same conditions that are ideal for the cultivation of cannabis are also ideal for the germination of hundreds of bacteria and fungi which are found in the water, soil and air. We must remember that yeast and molds can grow in decaying vegetation and the residual moisture will also encourage bacterial growth. Because of this, microbiological hazards in cannabis absolutely need to be addressed. If cannabis and infused products are not properly tested, the medicine being consumed can be contaminated with a variety of harmful pathogens.
PharmLabs LLC Microbiological Screen is a series of tests that report the total amount of Yeast, Mold and Aerobic bacteria in a sample reported in Colony Forming Units (CFU).
PharmLabs LLC Microbiological Screen is compliant with CA Bureau of Medical Cannabis Regulation (BMCR) law and will include the detection of total Yeast and Mold, total Aerobic bacteria, Aspergillus sp; Salmonella; E.coli; Staphylococcus aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Using 3M petrifilm and differential selective medium technology, we can identify, detect and quantify these microbial contaminants as total plate counts (CFUs). All assays are ISO certified for design and manufacturing and are included in the official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International (AOAC). Currently, no other cannabis testing laboratory in the US offers a more comprehensive microbiological screen than PharmLabs LLC™.
We will now have the ability to screen for three of the largest food-borne pathogens which is especially important when it comes to the topic of edibles. Even forty-nine of the top fifty food companies in the US use 3M Petrifilm technology. Microorganisms in cannabis can be an indication of spoilage, levels of sanitation and the potential for human pathogenesis. We recommend all edible makers test their product before it hits the dispensaries/store shelf and also seek consulting advice on how to properly package and store the edible to increase its shelf life. All of these preventative actions can help prevent people from getting sick and also increase the credibility of the cannabis industry as a whole.
Mycotoxins Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Also under ideal conditions, some fungi can produce toxic metabolites known as mycotoxins (ex. Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin) which can infect immunocompromised humans and cause allergic, aflatoxin and pathogenic infections such as the disease Aspergillosis.
Especially for those with compromised immune systems, Microbiological contamination can be very harmful and dangerous to one's health. Scientific studies suggest continuous exposure to a specific mycotoxin often results in an allergic reaction resulting from buildup over time, that has the potential to be lethal to some patients even without a compromised immune system.
PharmLabs LLC Mycotoxin Screen is compliant with CA Bureau of Medical Cannabis Regulation (BMCR) law and will include the detection of Aflatoxin (B1,B2,G1,G2) and Ochratoxin A.
Using ELISA technology, we can quantify in parts per billion (ppb) the exact amount of Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin present. All assays are ISO certified for design and manufacturing and are included in the official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International (AOAC). Currently, no other cannabis testing laboratory in the US offers a more comprehensive microbiological screen than PharmLabs LLC™.
Residual Solvent Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our Residual Solvent Testing offers a quantitative analysis of 10 solvents commonly used in the extraction of cannabinoids to make concentrated forms of cannabis. If a cannabis concentrate is not purged properly to eliminate solvents used in the extraction process; the residual solvent can remain in the concentrate when used by patients. These residual solvents remaining in the concentrates can be very harmful when inhaled or ingested. Residual solvents are typically not acutely toxic but may have a long-term effect on exposed individuals. An exposed person may exhibit eye, nose, and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, allergic skin reaction and at higher levels can cause central nervous depression, respiratory and cardiac arrest. Click here for the permissible and restricted solvents in the manufacture of cannabis preparations, (taken from the American Herbal Pharmacopeial). We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
We test for 52 pesticides commonly used during different states of growing cannabis. Our method for determining Pesticide concentration by LC/MS is completely quantitative and involves an extensive sample prep procedure to ensure high sensitivity. All samples are run with accompanying standard curves containing known concentrations of pesticide standards as well quality control samples to ensure high accuracy and precision. The process begins by drying and pulverizing the plant material into a homogenous powder to ensure all parts of the flower are represented in the analysis. The material is then extracted in a special solvent that solubilizes pesticides, and these compounds are then further separated from interfering compounds using additional purification steps. We have developed our sample prep process independently in our lab and we do not use any commercially available system to extract pesticide from the flower.
Once the sample prep is complete, the sample is analyzed on a Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer which is coupled to an HPLC (Agilent 1100). Our quantitation range spans nearly 3 orders of magnitude, ranging from the low parts per billion up to 1 ppm for most of the compounds. Calibration curves and quality control analysis ensure linearity in quantitation, and this analysis is included in the report.
Pesticide residues in cannabis that has been dried and is inhaled have a direct pathway into the bloodstream. Like other foodstuffs, contaminants consumed through foods mixed with cannabis may present an exposure hazard. It is logical to assume that the prohibition on the use of a federally registered pesticide would result in a zero tolerance or allowable residue on the consumed cannabis. However, three states allow cannabis to contain pesticide residues of any federally registered pesticide up to a level less than the lowest legal residue of the pesticide on food. Oregon has set a generally acceptable level of .1ppm. This allowance of pesticide exposure does not account for the lack of EPA review of cumulative risk or toxic body burden associated with the additional exposure to pesticide residues from cannabis. Very little peer-reviewed research has been published on the health and safety risks associated with pesticides on dried cannabis. However, the tests that have been performed show cause for significant consumer concern, particularly medical patients or those with elevated risk factors. Studies on tobacco provide good indications of the threats that may arise from smoking pesticide-laced products and, thus, the importance of state enforcement. A 2002 study, published in the Journal of Chromatography A, found that 1.5-15.5% of pyrethroid insecticides on treated tobacco is transferred to cigarette smoke. Significant levels of pesticide residues were found within the cigarette’s cotton filter. In addition to the transference of pesticide residue from the dried plant to the smoker, burning can cause pyrolysis (decomposition) of the pesticide, forming toxic mixtures or other toxic pesticide contaminants. Additionally, unlike most packaged tobacco products, cannabis is not typically filtered when its smoke is inhaled, and therefore smokers may expose themselves to much higher levels of pesticides and degradates.
|Spirotetramat||Spiromesifen||Spinosad A||Spinosad D|
Heavy Metal Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Unfortunately, there is a potential of heavy metal exposure with the use of cannabis from cultivating the plant itself, its commercialization, and its intake methods. Soils used for growing cannabis outdoors are frequently in peri-urban locations or near abandoned industrial and mining sites. Consequently, the presence of pollutant metals such as lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and even chromium (Cr) in the soil and water tend to be more pervasive. Certain locales have been found to introduce specific contaminants such as high levels of mercury (Hg) in a particular island brand, excessive sulfur (S) in plants cultivated near a paper mill or coal furnace, and even high levels of uranium (U) in regional phosphate fertilizers. Cultivation soils used indoors can also present problems especially if non-certified fertilizers and/or pesticides containing Pb or As are used. As cannabis is a commodity typically sold by weight, some street dealers have been known to deliberately "lace" product to increase its weight. Pb is commonly used for this and in excess amounts is visible due to its consistency and white color.
Terpene Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our Terpene Testing offers a quantitative analysis of 21 major terpenes found in cannabis. Why does certain cannabis strains smell and taste a certain way? Terpenes! Terpenes are a diverse group of organic HydroCarbons (C5H8), produced by a wide variety of plants. They are important building blocks for certain odors, hormones, vitamins, pigments, steroids, resins, essential oils, and CANNABINOIDS! Terpenes interact with each other synergistically for a range of different smells, qualities, and physical effects.
There are over 120 different terpenes that can be manufactured by Cannabis, some only in trace amounts with others around 20 percent. Terpenes are produced in the Trichomes, which are the same glands where THC is produced, comprising between 10 and 20 percent of the total oils produced by the glands. About 10-29 percent of cannabis smoke resin is composed of terpenoids.
In addition to many circulatory and muscular effects, some terpenes interact with neurological receptors, bind weakly to Cannabinoid receptors, alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or less THC and affect serotonin and dopamine chemistry (neurotransmitters).
We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
Filth and Foreign Material Inspection (For Pricing Click Here)
Our laboratory analyzes all samples under our California Compliance Testing for filth and foreign material present in the sample. “Filth and foreign material” includes but is not limited to hair, insects, feces, packaging contaminants, and manufacturing waste and by-products.
Water Activity/Moisture Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
As part of our California Compliance testing, our laboratory analyzes dried flower harvest-batch samples to determine its water-activity level. If the water activity is at or below 0.65 Aw, the sample “passes” water-activity testing.
Our laboratory analyzes solid and semi-solid edible cannabis products to determine its water-activity level as part of our California Compliance Testing. If the water activity is at or below 0.85 Aw, the sample “passes” water activity testing.
Our laboratory reports the water-activity level of the sample in Aw to 2 significant figures. This information is included on certificate of analysis when required.
We analyze a dried flower harvest-batch sample to determine its moisture content when required by law. If the moisture content is at 5.0% to 13.0%, the sample “passes” moisture-content testing. Moisture content in percentage to the nearest tenth of one percent, by weight, of the dry sample on the certificate of analysis. By California law, if a harvest-batch sample “fails” water-activity or moisture-content testing, the harvest batch may be returned to the cultivator or person holding title for further drying and curing unless prohibited by these regulations. The harvest batch will then need to be retested before it can be released to consumers.
Label Claim Verification (For Pricing Click Here)
In accordance with the BMCR, PharmLabs LLC will verify any claims made on packaging such as terpene profile claims, percentages of THC or CBD and report the verification on the certificate of analysis.
The Founder, Greg Magdoff, is a cannabis industry expert who has had his hands in the dirt from the very beginning, allowing him to truly understand the cannabis industry from seed to sale. Greg has an extensive background in business marketing and a vast experience with chemical science; specifically chromatography. Greg, who graduated from San Diego State University with a Bachelor of Science in Business Marketing; worked for over a decade in one of the largest sales and marketing brokers in the United States representing major clients such as GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson and Johnson, Del Monte Foods, Delta/Moen, Quaker and Gatorade.
Greg opened the first PharmLabs LLC in 2011 and has continued to launch additional ISO/IEC 17025:2005 accredited cannabis chemical and biological analytical testing laboratories in Hawaii and California over the past few years.
Greg was instrumental in the software development and testing of PharmWare, a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS), used throughout cannabis analytic laboratories across the country.
Greg helped create the first laboratory robotics/automation system designed specifically for cannabis laboratory sample preparation known as the CannaDeck. The CannaDeck System is an automation platform including a robotic sample processing system designed to automate sample prep for cannabis analysis of potency, pesticides, heavy metals, terpenes and residual solvents.In addition, the system performs microbiology assays, working with petri dishes as well as 3M Petri Film Plates via a patent-pending SBS-compliant Processor Module. The CannaDeck system also automates ELISA assays, providing a comprehensive automation solution for cannabis testing labs.
Greg also has been very active in helping local municipalities,political groups and government bodies develop clear and concise policies and regulations for the cannabis industry. Greg has devoted a lot of his time to speaking at city council meetings, city planning hearings, and community events to ensure a safe and successful cannabis industry.
We are ISO/IEC 17025 Certified! So what does that mean?
We know how to get the job done right!
RANDOM SAMPLING AND TRANSPORTATION
PHARMLABS WILL COME TO YOU!
The cost for certified random sampling and safe and secure transportation to the laboratory starts out at only $100 per visit! Sampling includes safe and secure transportation and there are no limits on the number of samples to be collected and transported. There is a service fee to show up on site and the first half hour is included in the service fee! Every hour after that in 15 minute increments will be charged at the hourly rate.
Test credits can be purchased over the phone or in person at our laboratory.
- If you are a first time client, please make a client account and then stop in to our laboratory anytime between 12PM noon and 5PM Monday through Friday.
- Cannabis product samples can be dropped off in person to our laboratory or a sample transportation can be arranged for a fee. Please call the lab to schedule a sampling and/or transportation at 619-356-0898.
- Please utilize PharmLabs Chain of Custody (COC) sheet when submitting samples. the COC can found under the "Sampling & Transport" Menu.
- All potency test results will be posted to your account the next business day; by midnight or sooner all dependent on workflow, sample load and time/day of the week. We strive to get results to you within 24hrs or sooner! Wet flower samples will take longer than 24hrs. All other testing services can take up to 3 days for results.
|SERVICE TYPE||FLOWER||CONCENTRATE SOLID||LIQUID||TOPICAL||EDIBLE|
|Cannabinoid / Potency||2g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Pesticide Screening||2.5g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Heavy Metal Screening||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Mycotoxins||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Microbial Testing||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Homogeneity ||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||10 Entire packaged edibles|
|Residual Solvent||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Terpene||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Above are the amount of samples needed for each service offered shown in units of g or ml|
PharmLabs™ will provide customers with a unique customer log-in and password to access their own personal PharmLabs™ webpage. From this personal webpage customers will be able to:
- Review their current lab results
- Review a complete history of their past lab results with easy to use filters to help you find information fast
- Print their Certificate of Analysis (COA) compete with detailed graphs illustrating the results.
- Print their certified results labels (Formatted for Avery or any other generic office supply brand self adhesive labels)
- Share their certified results via a public URL over the web
- Share their certified results through our PUBLIC CATALOG
- Purchase testing credits
- Place testing orders (samples still need to be dropped off. We do offer a pick-up service for a small fee.)
High resolution photographs of samples (On Certificate of Analysis and Public Results Catalog) are available for a small fee!
Kosher Kush - THC: 18.61 %, CBD: 0.23 %, CBN: 0.00 %, Moisture: 4.4%
- One important file will be a PharmLabs™ Certificate of Analysis (COA) highlighting our findings for each product submitted for testing. We recommend our clients to print this official report to display to their customers and help increase consumer confidence and awareness. The Certificate of Analysis (COA) come in two formats including a "Compact" and "Full" version.
- Some of the other files include the Certificate of Analysis (COA) formatted into various labels in small, medium and large formats. QR code labels and San Diego City Code Compliance labels are included as well. We recommend our clients to display these labels on product packaging to ensure safety and increase consumer awareness.