Always Accurate, Affordable and Fast!
PharmLabs™ provides the cannabis community and beyond with laboratory testing and analytic services to ensure consumers have access to safe medicine.
- Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs™ will ensure safe medicine for the medical cannabis community.
- Through laboratory testing, PharmLabs™ will arm patients in the medical cannabis community with the proper information to make an informed decision on proper dosing and type of medicines they require to best combat their specific medical condition.
PharmLabs™ offers potency, terpene, residual solvent, microbiological and pesticide testing for the cannabis community and beyond!
Potency Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our potency test offers a quantitative analysis of several common psychoactive compounds found in medicinal cannabis.
Although hundreds of different cannabinoids have been identified in cannabis, our STANDARD POTENCY TESTING establishes the amount of Total Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Total Cannabidiol (CBD), and Total Cannabinol (CBN) contained in a submitted sample of medical cannabis or cannabis product. Our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING establishes the amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA), Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabidiol Acid (CBDA), Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN),contained in a submitted sample of medical cannabis or cannabis product.
Our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING separates the acidic compounds from the neutral compounds and defines the decarboxylation ratio of a sample which is extremely helpful in formulations of a product and the dosing of a consumer. We recommend using our PREMIUM POTENCY TESTING for any edibles, tincture or topicals that will not be combusted during consumption. We use an established scientific method using one of the following pieces of scientific equipment for the separation and quantification of THC, THCA, CBD, CBDA, CBG, and CBN:
1) Gas Chromatography with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID)
2) High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography with a Diode Array Detector (HPLC)
All results are submitted as a percentage of the dry weight of the entire sample.
With the use of Potency Testing we have the ability to help our clients with two of our most popular and important Special Services:
1. Early Leaf Cannabinoid Ratio Detection Testing
Do not waste your time and money transitioning into flower and not knowing! If you goal is to grow CBD rich medicines or achieve a specific THC:CBD ratio then we can help! We can detect CBD rich medicines from a leaf of a young plant and save you months of your precious time and tons of your hard earned money from a simple test.Click Here For More Information
2. Harvest Optimization Testing
When is the exact best time to harvest your cannabis crop to get the maximum potency out of your flower? We can help! Do not spend all your hard earned time and money and not get the maximum reward from your crop!
With harvest optimization testing we recommend our clients to test a sample from their crop:
1) A week before their normal harvest time
2) At their normal harvest time
3) A week after their normal harvest timeClick Here For More Information
Microbiological Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Results in 48-72hrs! The same conditions that are ideal for the cultivation of cannabis are also ideal for the germination of hundreds of bacteria and fungi which are found in the water, soil and air. We must remember that yeast and molds can grow in decaying vegetation and the residual moisture will also encourage bacterial growth. Also under ideal conditions, some fungi can produce toxic metabolites known as mycotoxins (ex. Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin) which can infect immunocompromised humans and cause allergic, aflatoxin and pathogenic infections such as the disease Aspergillosis. Because of this, microbiological hazards in cannabis absolutely need to be addressed. If your cannabis and all infused products are not properly tested, the medicine you are consuming can be contaminated with a variety of harmful pathogens.
Demand safe medicine.
Residual Solvent Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our PREMIUM RESIDUAL SOLVENT Screening offers a quantitative analysis of 31 solvents commonly used in the extraction of cannabinoids to make concentrated forms of cannabis. Our PREMIUM RESIDUAL SOLVENT Screening includes all 24 solvents found in our Standard Residual Solvent Screening plus 7 additional exceptionally popular gas solvents used for extractions such as Methane, Ethane, Propane, Isobutane, N-Butane, Isopentane and Hexanes . Click here for the permissible and restricted solvents in the manufacture of cannabis preparations, (taken from the American Herbal Pharmacopeial). We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
STANDARD RESIDUAL SOLVENTS
|2-Propanol (Isopropanol, Isopropyl alcohol)||3-Methyl-1-butanol|
|Ethyl acetate||Ethyl formate|
|Isobutyl acetate||Isopropyl acetate|
|Propyl acetate||Tert-Butyl methyl ether|
PREMIUM RESIDUAL SOLVENTS
Pesticide Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
We test for over 200 pesticides commonly used to grow cannabis. Our method for determining Pesticide concentration by LC/MS is completely quantitative and involves an extensive sample prep procedure to ensure high sensitivity. All samples are run with accompanying standard curves containing known concentrations of pesticide standards as well quality control samples to ensure high accuracy and precision. The process begins by drying and pulverizing the plant material into a homogenous powder to ensure all parts of the flower are represented in the analysis. The material is then extracted in a special solvent that solubilizes pesticides, and these compounds are then further separated from interfering compounds using additional purification steps. We have developed our sample prep process independently in our lab and we do not use any commercially available system to extract pesticide from the flower.
Once the sample prep is complete, the sample is analyzed on a Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (Waters MicroMass Quattro Premier) which is coupled to an HPLC (Agilent 1100). Our quantitation range spans nearly 3 orders of magnitude, ranging from the low parts per billion up to 1 ppm for most of the compounds, Calibration curves and quality control analysis ensure linearity in quantitation, and this analysis is included in the report.
Pesticide residues in cannabis that has been dried and is inhaled have a direct pathway into the bloodstream. Like other foodstuffs, contaminants consumed through foods mixed with cannabis may present an exposure hazard. It is logical to assume that the prohibition on the use of a federally registered pesticide would result in a zero tolerance or allowable residue on the consumed cannabis. However, three states allow cannabis to contain pesticide residues of any federally registered pesticide up to a level less than the lowest legal residue of the pesticide on food. Oregon has set a generally acceptable level of .1ppm. This allowance of pesticide exposure does not account for the lack of EPA review of cumulative risk or toxic body burden associated with the additional exposure to pesticide residues from cannabis. Inhalation of Pesticide Residues Very little peer-reviewed research has been published on the health and safety risks associated with pesticides on dried cannabis. However, the tests that have been performed show cause for significant consumer concern, particularly medical patients or those with elevated risk factors. Studies on tobacco provide good indications of the threats that may arise from smoking pesticide-laced products and, thus, the importance of state enforcement. A 2002 study, published in the Journal of Chromatography A, found that 1.5-15.5% of pyrethroid insecticides on treated tobacco is transferred to cigarette smoke. Significant levels of pesticide residues were found within the cigarette’s cotton filter. In addition to the transference of pesticide residue from the dried plant to the smoker, burning can cause pyrolysis (decomposition) of the pesticide, forming toxic mixtures or other toxic pesticide contaminants. Additionally, unlike most packaged tobacco products, cannabis is not typically filtered when its smoke is inhaled, and therefore smokers may expose themselves to much higher levels of pesticides and degradates.
Terpene Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
Our Terpene Testing offers a quantitative analysis of 21 major terpenes found in cannabis. Why does certain cannabis strains smell and taste a certain way? Terpenes! Terpenes are a diverse group of organic HydroCarbons (C5H8), produced by a wide variety of plants. They are important building blocks for certain odors, hormones, vitamins, pigments, steroids, resins, essential oils, and CANNABINOIDS! Terpenes interact with each other synergistically for a range of different smells, qualities, and physical effects.
There are over 120 different terpenes that can be manufactured by Cannabis, some only in trace amounts with others around 20 percent. Terpenes are produced in the Trichomes, which are the same glands where THC is produced, comprising between 10 and 20 percent of the total oils produced by the glands. About 10-29 percent of cannabis smoke resin is composed of terpenoids.
In addition to many circulatory and muscular effects, some terpenes interact with neurological receptors, bind weakly to Cannabinoid receptors, alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or less THC and affect serotonin and dopamine chemistry (neurotransmitters).
We use an established scientific method using a Gas Chromatography Headspace Analyzer with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) for the separation and quantification of:
Plant SEX Testing (For Pricing Click Here)
The Phylos Plant Sex Test analyzes DNA from seedlings to identify male and female plants within days of germination with absolute certainty. Seedlings are ready to test just after the second set of serrated leaves appear ( usually around 7 days ). Once the seedling reaches this stage the samples are collected by removing one of the cotyledon leaves and smashing it on a collection card. See instructions here.
We are ISO/IEC 17025 Certified! So what does that mean?
We know how to get the job done right!
Test credits can be purchased over the phone or in person at our laboratory.
- If you are a first time client, please make a client account and stop in to our laboratory anytime between 12PM noon and 5PM.
- Medical cannabis samples can be dropped off in person to our laboratory or a sample pick up can be arranged with PharmWheels for a small fee. Call the lab to schedule a sample pick up service with PharmWheels. For existing clients, we also have a safe and secure drop slot at the front door of our laboratory where you can drop off samples 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week.
- We also offer a pick-up service for a small fee.
- Rush orders are available for an extra fee. For samples dropped of by 3PM results will be ready by midnight!
- All potency test results will be posted to your account the next business day; by midnight or sooner all dependent on workflow, sample load and time/day of the week. We strive to get results to you within 24hrs or sooner! Wet flower samples will take longer than 24hrs. All other testing services can take up to 3 days for results.
|SERVICE TYPE||FLOWER||CONCENTRATE SOLID||LIQUID||TOPICAL||EDIBLE|
|Standard Potency||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Premium Potency||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Standard Residual Solvent||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Premium Residual Solvent||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Standard Pesticide||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Premium Pesticide||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Terpene||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Standard Microbiological||1g||1g||1.5ml||1.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|Premium Microbilogical||2g||2g||2.5ml||2.5g/ml||Entire packaged edible|
|CA Full Compliance||7g||7g||7ml||7g||Entire packaged edible|
|Above are the amount of samples needed for each service offered shown in units of g or ml|
PharmLabs™ will provide customers with a unique customer log-in and password to access their own personal PharmLabs™ webpage. From this personal webpage customers will be able to:
- Review their current lab results
- Review a complete history of their past lab results with easy to use filters to help you find information fast
- Print their Certificate of Analysis (COA) compete with detailed graphs illustrating the results.
- Print their certified results labels (Formatted for Avery or any other generic office supply brand self adhesive labels)
- Share their certified results via a public URL over the web
- Share their certified results through our PUBLIC CATALOG
- Purchase testing credits
- Place testing orders (samples still need to be dropped off. We do offer a pick-up service for a small fee.)
High resolution photographs of samples (On Certificate of Analysis and Public Results Catalog) are available for a small fee!
Kosher Kush - THC: 18.61 %, CBD: 0.23 %, CBN: 0.00 %, Moisture: 4.4%
- One important file will be a PharmLabs™ Certificate of Analysis (COA) highlighting our findings for each product submitted for testing. We recommend our clients to print this official report to display to their customers and help increase consumer confidence and awareness. The Certificate of Analysis (COA) come in two formats including a "Compact" and "Full" version.
- Some of the other files include the Certificate of Analysis (COA) formatted into various labels in small, medium and large formats. QR code labels and San Diego City Code Compliance labels are included as well. We recommend our clients to display these labels on product packaging to ensure safety and increase consumer awareness.